Functional Textiles / Fabrics:

Smart textiles can be described as textiles that are able to sense stimuli from the environment, to react to them and adapt to them by integration of functionalities in the textile structure. The stimulus as well as the response can have an electrical, thermal, chemical, magnetic or other origin. The extent of intelligence can be divided in three subgroups [Zhang, 2001]:

• passive smart textiles can only sense the environment, they are sensors

• active smart textiles can sense the stimuli from the environment and react to them, besides the sensor function, they have an actuator function

• finally, very smart textiles take a step further, having the gift to adapt their behaviour to the circumstances.

So two components need to be present in the textile structure in order to bear the full mark of smart textiles; a sensor and an actuator, possibly completed with a processing unit which drives the actuator on the basis of the signals from the sensor.



The protective technology of encapsulating solid, liquid or gas materials into micro particles with a diameter of 1–1000 μm, and has been widely used in fields of medicine, cosmetics, food, textile and advanced materials. (Campos et al., 2013; Dubey et al., 2009).


Bioactive Compounds:

A bioactive compound is simply a substance that has a biological activity, related to its ability to modulate one or more metabolic processes.



Of, relating to, yielding, or involving the use of food produced with the use of feed or fertilizer of plant or animal origin without employment of chemically formulated fertilizers, growth stimulants, antibiotics, or pesticides organic farming organic produce



Capable of being broken down especially into not harmful products by the action of living things (such as microorganisms)



The study of how natural systems function, remain diverse and produce everything it needs for the ecology to remain in balance including three core areas:

1. Economic Development

2. Social Development

3. Environmental Protection


Environmentally Safe:

Environment friendly processes, or environmental-friendly processes (also referred to as eco-friendly, nature-friendly, and green), are sustainability and marketing terms referring to goods and services, laws, guidelines and policies that claim reduced, minimal, or no harm upon ecosystems or the environment.